The UNESCO and the World Heritage:
The UNESCO is the United Nations educational, scientific, cultural and communicational organisation and was founded in 1946. The UNESCO has approximately 190 member states. The purpose of the organisation is to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science and culture without distinction of language, race, sex or religion.
One of the goals of the UNESCO is to globally identify, protect and conserve cultural and natural heritage of outstanding universal value to mankind as a whole. Based on the findings of the UN Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in 1972, the convention concerning the protection of the Worlds Cultural and Natural Heritage was adopted by the General Assembly of the UNESCO on 16 November 1972.
A main characteristic of the convention concerning the protection of the Worlds Cultural and Natural Heritage is the fact that it connects the issues of preservation of natural sites and landscapes with the issues of preservation of sites of historic interest. The aim of the Convention is to protect natural and cultural heritage as well as natural and cultural landscapes which are a common heritage of mankind as a whole and of extraordinary and universal value and are included in the so-called World Heritage List. More than 900 sites all over the world form part of the UNESCO World Heritage List, including more than 30 sites in Germany.
The cultural region of the Rheingau marks the beginning of the World Heritage Site Upper Middle Rhine Valley.
The Upper Germanic & Rhaetian Limes crosses the Taunus.
Consequently, the Rheingau Taunus District comprises parts of not only one, but two World Heritage Sites.
In total, there are 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites to be found in Hesse:
- Upper Middle Rhine Valley
- Upper Germanic & Rhaetian Limes
- Messel Pit Fossil Site (Grube Messel)
- Lorsch Monastery
- National park Kellerwald-Edersee
More general information is available here: