Wiesbaden is not only the state capital of Hesse, but also a conference and health center surrounded by greenery and a place of residence with a high quality of life. Formerly bathing resort of the Romans, Wiesbaden as it is known today was characterised by two epochs: the rise to the chic world spa town in the 19th century where aristocrats and the wealthy middle class from all over Europe met during summer in order to seek cure but especially entertainment. This period of splendour came to a close when the First World War began. After decades of crises the city experienced an unforeseen new rise from 1945 onwards, which was also defining. Today health care still plays an important role in Wiesbaden, but the city has also become an important industrial and service location and at the same time a political centre of the Federal Republic of Germany as the state capital of Hesse.
With its impressive buildings and magnificent facades from the Gründerzeit the spa town still reflects the splendour of an epoch which entered the history books as the Wilhelmian Period. The old City Palace of the Princes of Nassau is located in the heart of town. The State Parliament of Hesse, the Hessische Landtag holds its meetings in the feudal residence of the former sovereigns. The City Hall is located directly opposite, a mighty building with projecting façade which competes with the splendour of the Nassauer Schloss. The ensemble is dominated by the impressive market church in brick Gothic style.
The noble Kurhaus and the State Theatre both of which are decorated in Wilhelmian splendour, still convey the sense of life of the Imperial Era, which above all the aristocratic upper class indulged in. The Casino of Wiesbaden is among the worlds oldest and most elegant casinos and went down in history through Dostoevskys novel The Gambler.
The extensive Kurpark (Spa park), which is in no way inferior to an English landscape park, is situated right behind the impressive Kurhaus and conveys something of the largesse that Wiesbaden also demonstrates with its broad Wilhelmstraße.
The cosmopolitan state capital has an open-minded and hospitable attitude throughout the year and in particular when joyous festivals are celebrated. Among these are the Wilhelmstraßenfest (Wilhelm Street Festival) but also the Rheingau Wine Week, the City Festival of Wiesbaden and the Sternschnuppen Markt (Falling Star Market) during the pre-Christmas period. With its numerous cultural events such as the International May Festival at the Hessian State Theatre Wiesbaden, the Rheingau Music Festival and the highly respected Film Festival, the expectations and requests by music lovers and cineastes are completely fulfilled.
Since the end of the 19th century visitors have gone up the local mountain of the city of Wiesbaden comfortably and without any trouble by the Nerobergbahn. After only a couple of minutes the old wagons which are driven by waterpower climb the high ground which offers a great view onto the whole city.
The Greek Chapel whose golden domes characterise the Nerobergs silhouette towers above Wiesbaden. Elisabeth Michailowna, who died at a young age, and was the Russian wife of Duke Adolph of Nassau, rests in the impressive mausoleum. The most famous and only vineyard of Wiesbaden can also be found on Neroberg. It belongs to the Rheingau geographically and was first mentioned as early as 1525 in records for the first time. The State Wineries of Hesse are in charge of the vineyard on Neroberg which is supervised by viticultural experts of the Domain Rauenthal. The vineyard is considered to be a cultural monument and was placed under protection. The Wine and Nature Trail of Wiesbaden connects the suburbs of Frauenstein and Schierstein; the citys viticultural history can be discovered on foot. Information boards provide facts about the grape varieties and viticulture in general.
Learn more about Wiesbaden at: www.wiesbaden.de